Everyday life with glaucoma
Glaucoma is one of the main causes of worldwide vision loss. This loss of vision has an enormous effect on the quality of life and can influence an individual as much as vision loss itself. However, early detection and treatment can often safeguard your eyes from severe vision loss. Don’t let your life be limited by glaucoma. You can proceed with what you did before you were diagnosed with glaucoma. Some day-to-day activities, such as driving or playing sports, may become more difficult. Loss of contrast sensitivity, glare issues, and light sensitivity are some of the possible consequences of glaucoma that may interfere with your activity.
Glaucoma is a disorder that causes damage to the optic nerve of your eye and gets worse over time. It’s often linked to the build-up of pressure inside your eye. Glaucoma tends to be inherited and can only become evident later in life. Most individuals with glaucoma do not notice symptoms until they start to experience significant vision loss.
Symptoms of glaucoma
The most prevalent kinds of glaucoma are, open-angle, and angle-closure, both have distinct symptoms. At first, there are no symptoms of open-angle glaucoma. It doesn’t cause any pain. Vision is going to stay normal. While on the other side, acute angle-closure glaucoma is a medical emergency and must be handled immediately or blindness may result in one or two days.
Causes of glaucoma
The damage to the optic nerve is generally associated with increased pressure in the eye. Elevated eye pressure is due to the accretion of a liquid, called aqueous humor, which flows within the eye. It is also possible for infants and children to have glaucoma. Because chronic forms of glaucoma can damage the eyesight before signs or symptoms become apparent, be aware of these factors mentioned below:
- Having a family history of glaucoma
- There are certain medical conditions, such as diabetes, heart disease, elevated blood pressure, and sickle cell anemia.
- Being highly near-sighted or far-sighted
Treatment of glaucoma
The objective of any treatment is to avoid vision loss as glaucoma vision loss is irreversible, but it can be controlled. It may be treated with eye drops, pills, laser surgery, traditional surgery, or a combination of these methods. Some proof indicates that elevated consumption of vitamin B from nutritional sources, including green leafy vegetables, may reduce the risk of some kinds of glaucoma.
Medicines, in the form of eye drops or pills, are the most prevalent early treatments for glaucoma.
These eye drops, taken frequently, reduced eye pressure. Some medications cause the eye to produce less fluid. Others lower the pressure by helping fluid flow out of the eye.
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You’ll likely need to make a few adjustments to your lifestyle to handle your glaucoma efficiently. As long as you are diagnosed soon, visit your physician frequently, and follow the suggested course of therapy, you can continue to live your entire life healthily.
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